King Edward I "Longshanks" Of England

King Edward I "Longshanks" Of England

Male 1239 - 1307  (68 years)

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  • Name Edward I "Longshanks" Of England  [1, 2
    Prefix King 
    Nickname Longshanks 
    Born 17 Jun 1239  Westminster Castle, Westminister, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 4
    Gender Male 
    Cemetery Westminster Castle, Westminister, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Westminster Abbey||
    Buried 1307  Westminster Castle, Westminister, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    • Buried in Westminster Abbey.
    Died 7 Jul 1307  Burgh-On-The-Sands, Cumberland, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [6
    Person ID I317  My Genealogy
    Last Modified 19 Mar 2014 

    Father Henry III Of England,   b. 1 Oct 1207, Westminster Castle, Westminister, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Nov 1272, London, Greater London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 65 years) 
    Mother Eleonore De Provence,   b. Abt 1217,   d. 24 Jun 1291, Amesbury, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 74 years) 
    Married 4 Jan 1235  Abbey Of Las Hueigas, Burgos, Castile Find all individuals with events at this location  [7
    Family ID F65  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Margaret Le Hardi,   b. 1279, Paris, Bourbon, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. From 14 Feb 1316 to 1317, Marlborough Castle, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 37 years) 
    Married 8 Sep 1299  Canterbury, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [8
    Children 
     1. Thomas Brotherton Plantagenet,   b. 1 Jun 1300, Cawood Castle, Brotherton, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 4 Aug 1338  (Age 38 years)
    Last Modified 18 Mar 2014 
    Family ID F106  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Alianore ( Eleanor) De Castile,   b. 1240,   d. 28 Nov 1290  (Age 50 years) 
    Married 1254  , , , England Find all individuals with events at this location  [8
    Last Modified 18 Mar 2014 
    Family ID F108  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Edward I
    Edward I
    King of England
    King Edward I
    King Edward I
    King of England

  • Notes 
    • Edward I, known as "Longshanks" because of his great stature, was king Of
      England from 1274 until 1307. The Scots did not take kindly to his
      desire to make Scotland subject to his rule. Edward defeated the Scots
      in 1296. Edward I " Longshanks" Plantagenet King of England was the s on
      of Henry III King of England. He died at the age of 68 " within sight of
      the Scottish border".

      The following is by Betty Crowley Sandifer jsicarbt@wt.net

      Edward was married twice, father of 19 children. M1 at a very young age
      to Eleanor of Castile. M2
      was to Margaret le Hardi of France, daughter of the King of France.
      Edward was a special child to his father, Henry III King of England. He
      was born very late in Henry's life. He was named after the canon, Edward
      the Confessor, and although his title sats Edward I, there were three
      Edward 's previous to him.
      It was Henry who arranged for the important marriage of Edward to
      Eleanor, the half-sister of Alfonso X,
      King of Castile and Leon, (Spain). It was an arranged marriage which
      bore many children and was full of love.

      Edward was made Overlord of Ireland before he became King. He was a
      typically spoild adolescent, and liked to spend his time setting up
      jousting tournaments, in which many lives would be lost at a time. He
      did not beco me King until the age of 35 and was devoted to personal and
      political integrity.
      He was devoted ruler of England and developed state relations all around
      the world. He also fought
      many wars and used a great deal of the funds of England in these battles.
      He borrowed heavily from the Jews in England. They were expert currency
      manipulators. In 1290 Edward expelled the Jews from England, being
      unable to borrow more money. After having defeated and slain the last
      Prince of Wales, Edward offered his baby son to the Welsh people as the
      Prince of Wales, in a symbolic gesture.

      The pacification of the Welsh was not instant, and took many years for
      the land and power to be delegated in face of harsh resentment. War with
      Scotland was causing great problems. When Alexander III King of Scotland
      died, the crown passed to his three year old grand daughter Margaret.
      When Margaret was aged six, Edward arranged for her to be betrothed to
      his heri Edward, which would have lead to a peaceful union of Scotland
      and England. Margaret died in a ship wreck on the way to her coronation
      in Scotland, then the succession to the crown was disputed. Edward
      stepped in to arbitrate and with a balance Commission took eighteen
      months to choose John Balliol.
      This decision led to a revolt, which Edward managed to overcome. He
      declared himself King of Scotland and carried the Coronation Stone of
      Scotland from the Scone Palace off to England. It was
      this that led to the revolt by William Walace who was eventually defeated
      by Edward.

      In 1306 Robert of Bruce was declared King of the Scotts by the Scottish
      people. In a campaign to crush Robert O Bruce, Edward died at Burgh by
      Sands, after being the monarch of England for 35 Years.
      He was married twice and had 19 children. [1]

  • Sources 
    1. [S22] Compact Disc #66, (Salt Lake City, Utah: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, n.d.), King Edward I (Pin #670874) family group record (Reliability: 1), 22 Jan 2006.

    2. [S30] Kings & Queens, Scott, David W.TekStream Genealogical Services, (Overland Park, Kansas: TekStream Genealogical Services, n.d.), Name; CD (Reliability: 3), 2 Dec 2007.

    3. [S30] Kings & Queens, Scott, David W.TekStream Genealogical Services, (Overland Park, Kansas: TekStream Genealogical Services, n.d.), Dates of birth; CD (Reliability: 3), 2 Dec 2007.

    4. [S46] Royal List, ((www.royalist.info : 3/28/2004)), accessed 12 Feb 2008), Dates of birth; Names search. (Reliability: 3), 12 Feb 208.

    5. [S30] Kings & Queens, Scott, David W.TekStream Genealogical Services, (Overland Park, Kansas: TekStream Genealogical Services, n.d.), Burial; CD (Reliability: 3), 2 Dec 2007.

    6. [S30] Kings & Queens, Scott, David W.TekStream Genealogical Services, (Overland Park, Kansas: TekStream Genealogical Services, n.d.), Dates & places of death; CD (Reliability: 3), 2 Dec 2007.

    7. [S30] Kings & Queens, Scott, David W.TekStream Genealogical Services, (Overland Park, Kansas: TekStream Genealogical Services, n.d.), Marriages; CD (Reliability: 3), 10 Oct 2006.

    8. [S30] Kings & Queens, Scott, David W.TekStream Genealogical Services, (Overland Park, Kansas: TekStream Genealogical Services, n.d.), Marriages; CD (Reliability: 3), 2 Dec 2007.